Urban unemployment rate dips to 7.2% in Q2 from 7.6% in Q1: NSO survey | India News – Times of India


NEW DELHI: The unemployment rate in urban areas in the July-September quarter of 2022 slowed to 7. 2%, lower than the 7. 6% in the April-June period as the job situation improved and economic activity gathered momentum after the lifting of Covid-19 curbs.
The unemployment rate during the September quarter eased to at least a six-quarter low after rising sharply during the Covid-19 pandemic. The unemployment rate in the July-September 2021 period was at 9. 8%.
Data released by the National Statistical Office (NSO) on Thursday showed the unemployment rate for females in the 15 years and above category cooled marginally to 9. 4% in the JulySeptember quarter from 9. 5% in the April-June period. It was at 10. 1% in the January-March quarter and had remained in double digits.
The strict lockdown imposed to prevent the spread of the coronavirus had pushed the overall unemployment rate to 20. 9% in the AprilJune quarter of 2020, raising worries about the job situation across the country.
For males in the 15 years and above category, the unemployment rate eased to 6. 6% in the September quarter, lower than the 7. 1% in the April-June period and below the 9. 3% in the July-September quarter of 2021.
The labour force participation rate, which is defined as the percentage of persons in the labour force (working or seeking or available for work) in the population, also improved to 47. 9% in the JulySeptember quarter from 47. 5% in the April-June period and above the 46. 9% in the July-September period of 2021. For females, it rose to 21. 7% in the July-September quarter from 20. 9% in the April-June period. The rate was at 19. 9% in the July-September quarter of 2021. The NSO released the quarterly bulletin of the Periodic Labour Force (PLFS) survey, which is a key indicator of the measure of labour force participation rate, the worker population ratio and the unemployment rate. The unemployment rate is defined as the percentage of persons unemployed in the labour force.

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The PLFS was launched by the NSO to estimate the employment and unemployment indicators (worker population ratio, labour force participation rate, unemployment rate) in the short time interval of three months for urban areas only in the current weekly status.
Under CWS a person is considered as unemployed in a week if he/she did not work even for one hour on any day during the reference week but sought or was available for work at least for one hour on any day during the reference week, according to the PLFS. The annual PLFS report covers both rural and urban areas whereas the quarterly bulletin is for urban centres.





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