The basic process to be followed is as follows:
- Problem Solving
Each step of Active Learning has a low to high level of activity that will reflect in the final learning when knowledge is tested and/ or applied in real life. For the listening part, attention, curiosity, empathy, critical thinking, rethinking, and evaluating the message are involved.
For Reading, not just information gathering is required, comprehending, and exploring related facts needs to be done.
For Discussing, from simply sharing our views to conveying ideas to instigate curiosity in others, sharing personal and being curious about others’ views, evaluating and self-monitoring the ideas for application, all this is covered.
For Writing, the engagement level should be describing, exemplifying, expressing perspectives of your own, referring, illustrating, and even critiquing and assessing quality.
For problem-solving recognizing the underlying reasons, self-monitoring, and tracking progress is involved
Active learning, even if done online, targets a high level of mental activity. Faculty has to choose a task that achieves the learning goal of high-level mental activity. Active Learning is often explained as a combination of feedback exercise, peer learning, and clear structure.
Feedback helps in knowing the completion of learning. The assessment can be seen by working individually or in small groups or both. After every topic ends, a quiz or summary-based quiz can be used for assessment. Chat windows/ Breakout rooms/ Answering directly on video that can be shared with everyone helps to check the understanding. Discussion is a great way to share, repeat, and restore what one has just learned.
When one among the peers explains their learned lesson and the others listen, it is a sense of confidence and understanding that gets reflected and transferred too. The discussion will add more to knowing, asking, and increasing in sharing of what is known. Online discussion boards, group collaborations such as file sharing, and conference tools are dedicated places where groups can collaborate and develop ideas, materials, and videos to understand the concept.
Clear Structuring can be accomplished with online tools for groups, where clear instructions and guidance can be provided. The teacher needs to be clear about the instructions, can help with the online tools, and explain the expectation of the discussion, grades, and deadlines.
Incorporating Active Learning can be done in many ways, even online. The approaches are, Enquiry based learning, Game-based learning, Place-based learning, Technology-enhanced learning, Project-based learning.
Out of these game-based and technology-enhanced are direct answers to the incorporation of active learning in online learning. Scavenger hunts, Quizzes, and college bowls are simple ways that can be incorporated by the faculty while teaching and these options are easily available online too. Technology-based learning does not need much introduction. Movie making, Surveys, polls, or even podcasts are great ways to actively involve pupils in the learning process. Online learning also requires one to be involved to the extent that one can actively engage, think critically and reflect on the thoughts and concepts. The mental involvement of the student is important to engage in hands-on activities and is more than just memorization. Taking up queries, and solving problems in the field by applying the learned concepts is active learning, even if the platform is online.