3-In-1: Isro to launch commercial, diplomatic, nat’l sats in 1 mission | India News – Times of India

BENGALURU: On Friday last, a private single-stage rocket became the first non-Isro launch vehicle to ever enter the space agency’s spaceport in Sriharikota, which already boasts of 620 launch missions, including sounding rockets.
A week later, this Saturday (November 26), another key launch of the space agency’s workhorse, the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), is scheduled to put three different kinds of satellites — one with national interest, one as part of New Delhi’s space diplomacy and seven commercial payloads — into orbit.
The main payload is a satellite for national objectives designed and developed for ocean studies, the Oceansat-3 or Earth Observation Satellite-06 (EOS-06). This is part of a series of satellites from Isro dedicated to oceanography and atmospheric studies.
The first two satellites — Oceansat-1 & 2 — facilitate a range of applications including cyclone prediction, documentation of chlorophyll concentration, phytoplankton blooms, atmospheric aerosols, and so on.
The third in the series, which will be launched in the PSLV-C54 mission, is expected to provide continuity and enhanced capabilities for sea surface temperature measurements among other things.
Among the seven commercial satellites, which will be launched through Space PSU NewSpace India Limited (NSIL), is India’s privately built Earth observation satellite — startup Pixxel’s Anand. Anand is a hyperspectral microsatellite which weighs less than 15kg and has a total of 150+ wavelengths that will enable it to see Earth in a lot more detail than today’s non-hyperspectral satellites.
“The imagery from Anand can be used to detect pest infestation, map forest fires, identify soil stress and oil slicks amongst other things. Our hyperspectral satellites are unique in their ability to provide hundreds of bands of information with global coverage at a very high frequency, making them ideal for disaster relief, agricultural monitoring, energy monitoring and urban planning applications,” Pixxel said.
Anand is Pixxel’s second full-fledged tech-demo satellite after Shakuntala it launched on a SpaceX rocket and a tech-demonstrator satellite it jointly built with another partner.
Aside from Anand, NSIL is facilitating the launch of two private communication satellites (Thybolt 1 & 2) for another Indian startup Dhruva Space, and four other satellites (Astrocast) for US firm Spaceflight. “All of them are through commercial contracts and together the seven satellites through NSIL will weigh around 50 kg. The four satellites for Spaceflight are being built by Swiss firm Astrocast,” an official said.
The ninth satellite on the mission is BhutanSat, a satellite for Bhutan as part of New Delhi’s diplomacy. Isro had earlier described it as India’s gift to Bhutan as part of the space diplomacy initiatives put in place by Prime Minister

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